Our horses have many blood components capable of alerting our veterinarians about everything from dehydration status to tissue damage. Scientists have been on the search for substances that act as reliable biomarkers for various problems; these could help remove some of the guesswork when making a diagnosis. Enter serum amyloid A (SAA), a protein the liver produces in the face of inflammation that’s changing the way veterinarians detect infections in horses.
“Serum amyloid A, classified as an acute-phase protein, helps the immune system fight infection early in the course of disease,” says Luis Castro, DVM, a racehorse practitioner with Teigland, Franklin & Brokken, in Boynton Beach, Florida, and Saratoga Springs, New York. “Within a mere six hours of the body being exposed to an infectious agent, the liver produces sufficient levels of SAA that can be measured in the circulation. Normally, SAA levels are negligible. This means that veterinarians can rapidly diagnose a patient with an infectious condition often prior to the development of full-blown clinical signs such as fever, nasal discharge, diarrhea, and more.”
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